When a teacher assigns homework incorporating information that was just recently taught or not taught at all, it puts a tremendous amount of stress on students. Worse yet, I think, it puts a great deal of stress on our parents. We rely on our parents to help us be successful. Our parents have to figure out how to do the assignment and then teach it to us. Many of the projects and activities are too difficult to be done without our parents' help.
Students who have no help at home, therefore, are at a total disadvantage and their grades might falter because of this lack of assistance. If teachers use homework as additional or extended practice, we should be able to do homework with few, if any, difficulties. Our parents can simply check over our homework. I often get calls from my friends asking me how to complete assignments, and I think about how lucky I am to have parents who can actually help me with my homework. Second, homework should not exceed two hours per night.
Again, Cooper provides recommendations about the length of homework. He says the following p. If we assume that we know how to do the homework we are assigned, we should be able to complete it in a reasonable amount of time. But consider the schedules of many high school students: We have to make time to eat dinner and complete our chores. Now add on three or more hours of homework a night and you have instant stress, not only for students but also for their families.
For example, a student could get help from a parent , tutor, sibling or classmate to complete the work.
In high school, there is a strong correlation between students who do 2 hours of homework a night and higher levels of academic achievement, but again, this improvement fades when students exceed the 2-hour threshold, Pope told Live Science.
Pope said she considers the advice that the viral note offered to parents —to eat dinner as a family, read together, play outside and get a child to bed early — to be "spot on.
Studies suggest that to perform at their best in school, kids in second grade need sufficient sleep , playtime with their siblings and friends, and downtime, meaning time to transition from school to home. Kids also benefit from regular family time, which ideally takes place five times a week for at least 25 minutes and could take the form of a family meal, Pope said. Making time for reading is also important for a child's success in the classroom, she said.
The contention that "research is unable to prove that homework improves student performance" is an overstatement, said Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, who has been researching homework and student performance for 30 years.
Even when looking at levels as early as second grade, studies have found that kids who study a little bit at home may do better on spelling, vocabulary and math tests given in the classroom, Cooper told Live Science. However, he noted that the correlation between doing homework and higher academic achievement is not as strong in elementary students, who generally don't get much homework, as it is in middle-school and high-school students.
Rather than a no-homework policy for second graders, Cooper said he would recommend that homework for kids at this age be kept short and simple. It should take no more than about 20 minutes a night for second graders to complete their homework, he said. To estimate an appropriate amount of time for students to spend doing homework, educators may use "the minute rule" which means multiplying a child's grade level by 10 minutes of homework a night, Cooper explained.
That means first graders get 10 minutes of homework, second graders get 20 and so on. Besides just the skills in math, reading or other subjects themselves, homework can have positive effects on children's time-management and study skills, Cooper said.
It can also help keep parents informed of what children are learning at school, and help make Mom and Dad aware of their child's strengths and weaknesses, he said. Nelson believes learning responsibility helps prepare younger students for homework in higher grades. For as much praise a "no homework" policy receives, the idea is slammed by others. Many parents are stuck in their old ways, and are used to seeing a lot of homework, according to Nelson.
Although a 'no homework' policy carries varying perspectives, there is a common practice standard upheld in American schools. Research finds 10 to 20 minutes of homework per night in the first grade is appropriate, with an additional 10 minutes per grade level thereafter. High school students should typically receive a little more, according to Cooper. The study found that beyond the maximum of about two hours, students don't absorb much information. Too much homework can in fact be harmful, according to Cooper.
The ASCD formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development supports the Educational Research study which states that when used appropriately, homework benefits student achievements, depending on age and quality of homework.
Homework should have purpose and be designed to maximize success rate, according to the ASCD.
A 'no homework' policy may pose a limitation to alternative homework activities in the case a child doesn't have parent guidance at home, or the financial means to engage in some of the activities.
College de Saint-Ambroise, an elementary school in Quebec, is the latest school to ban homework, announcing this week that it would try the new policy for a year.
A Texas teacher's note to parents about her newly implemented "no formal homework policy" in her second-grade class went viral last week, opening up the floodgates for parents, teachers and school. A Texas teacher's no-homework policy went viral this month after a parent shared the news on Facebook. Brandy Young teaches second grade at Godley Elementary School in Texas, but some high school.
The new policy — which will take effect when students return to school in Florida’s Marion County next month — is an example of the ongoing debate over the benefits and drawbacks of homework. • Know homework assignments before leaving school. • Take homework assignments and all necessary supplies home. • Jot down a homework buddy's phone number to use if a day is missed or if there are questions.