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Heart Disease Essays (Examples)

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❶Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms.

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Such eating habits however provide only temporary relief…… [Read More]. Heart Disease Has Long Been. According to the article, diet and exercise proved to be effect in study participants in Amsterdam Hitti The study was conducted with participants ages , researchers wanted to see which subjects contracted metabolic syndrome Hitti Those with metabolic syndrome had gained more body fat since their teen years, especially around their midsection.

But body fat wasn't the only risk factor. Several other trends also stood out. Participants with metabolic syndrome were more likely to have a steep decline in fitness level. By age 36, they favored light-to-moderate activities such as gardening or walking, instead of heart-pounding aerobic exercise, such as running.

In contrast, their peers without metabolic syndrome had lower but steadier fitness levels over the years Hitti Atherosclerosis and the various complications associated with this disease, especially towards its final stages, may causes disability and death within Western societies. Although advancement of atherosclerosis is a slow process, beginning in childhood, remaining asymptomatic for several decades, complication like myocardial infarction, peripheral ischemia, or stroke happening later on in life.

Some recognized risk factors towards the development of the illness include diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and ageing. Furthermore, epidemiology studies also correlate a positive family history is independently related with the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

Such occurrences derived from genetics include lipid profile as well as genes related to obesity. Development of these molecular biology methods promotes effective identification of these "candidate genes" through use of high-throughput technologies like genome-wide scans. An article explains the connection between the illness and…… [Read More]. Heart Disease and Gender. Atherosclerosis and gender Atherosclerosis is often colloquially referred to as the 'hardening of the arteries.

Impeding this flow can have severe health effects, including coronary and cardioid heart disease as well as liver disease. If a piece of the plaque falls off or a blood clot forms on the plaque, the result can be a life-threatening heart attack or stroke.

In some cases, the thinning of the artery walls causes angina or chest pain but in other instances there are no or very few symptoms. Coronary heart…… [Read More]. How to Prevent Heart Disease. It is the leading cause of death among people in the United States with cancer being the only other health malady that is even close in terms of sheer numbers. One of the more frustrating part of heart disease is that some people are genetically prone to it.

Others encounter problems with their heart and cardiovascular system because of bad nutrition and other shoddy lifestyle habits. Regardless of what leads to it possibly or actually developing, a proper and balanced diet can go a long way towards preventing or even reversing some of the damage done. Search Engine Heart Disease Lovenox. One of the problems in using a literature review format is that by grouping studies together, it is difficult to come to a clear conclusion regarding the superiority of one treatment over another, given that all of the studies have extraneous or additional factors that do not necessarily apply to the core clinical question.

A number of the studies reviewed by amanath and Eagle involved diabetes patients, which present unique clinical challenges for the practitioner in prescribing effective and safe drug treatments. Some of the other studies also involved the use of statin drugs in combination with aspirin and Lovenox heparin as a method of preventative care, but the degree to which this impacted the results was also unremarked-upon. Finally, the question of non-drug treatment and recommendations for study participants to improve their health with diet and exercise was not noted in any of the studies: He works in the construction industry and spends most of his time away from his family i.

Coronary Artery Disease which Eric suffers from is described as a contraction in the small blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart and is also commonly known as Coronary Heart Disease CHD or heart attack. Generally, the heart is like any other muscle in the body that needs nutrient-rich blood and oxygen in…… [Read More]. Coronary heart disease, in some quarters referred to as coronary artery disease CAD , is the inability of blood vessels to supply the required amount of oxygen and blood to the heart as a result of plaque buildup in the inner walls of the coronary artery National Institute of Health, According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , a total of , Americans have heart attacks every year and, of these, , die from CAD.

The Archives of Internal Medicine study confirmed that 30 minutes of walking a day miles a week "can prevent weight gain in most people who are now inactive. Other studies have shown that working up to 10, steps or more could reduce the risk of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. Companies and organizations have encouraged their customers and members to participate in the program. Related Numbers of Steps "10, steps a day" Number of steps average person walks a day 3,, steps One mile Approximately 2, steps Five Miles Approximately 10, steps For anyone wanting to begin a10, step program, Professor David Bassett, PhD, University of Tennessee, recommends purchasing a quality pedometer.

JSC, an independent…… [Read More]. Health Planning Heart Disease Today. It provides a list of foods that can promote heart disease, and of those that can protect the individual against it. Maslen even suggests that dark chocolate could potentially reduce the risk factors that lead to heart disease. Although unconventional wisdom, the author cites research by a Melbourne university, which suggested that dark chocolate contains antioxidants that decrease the effect of free radicals in the blood, thus promoting a healthier heart.

In short, the population in the Campbelltown LGA is at particular risk from factors that could lead to heart disease. It also follows that, if not treated preventatively, these factors could in fact lead to the necessity for operations or at least a period in the hospital.

Most programmes currently focus upon preventing rather than recovering from…… [Read More]. Coronary Heart Disease Over the.

This is because obesity is caused from the lack of having balanced diet and not engaging in enough physical exercise. These two elements are important because they will cause the underlying amounts of plaque and atherosclerosis to increase. Once this begins to occurs, it will cause the cholesterol levels in the individual to rise. The lack of exercise will help to swell the blood pressure levels, by not providing the body with an effective way to burn fat.

As this is causing lipids and other toxins, to build up in the body; which helps to increase your blood pressure dramatically. When your put these different elements together, this is showing how obesity and physical activity will play a direct role in helping to increase blood pressure as well as cholesterol levels.

Diet and Heart Disease in. A body mass index was also taken. Participants were then followed for eight years to track the incidence of myocardial infarction and death. Conclusions of the Study esults of this study demonstrated an incidence of 4. There was no relationship between high intake of iron and hemeiron and increased risk for myocardial infarction in the present study. In fact, this study found that those participants with higher iron and hemeiron intake were at lower risk for myocardial infarction but the results did not demonstrate statistical significance Malaviarachchi et al.

Therefore the concerns regarding the public health promotion of learn meat as an appropriate source of iron was invalidated.

The study did find relationships between age and health factors to be correlated to the development of myocardial infarction. As individual ages,…… [Read More]. Diet and Heart Disease Over. Once this takes place, it will provide the most accurate results. If the study is susceptible to bias, state and explain the type of bias that may enter the study and what steps can be incorporated to minimize the entry of bias. The reason why is because the two methods will allow for the general trends to be evaluated.

As a result, this makes it difficult for the bias of researchers to effect the outcome because there are too many working parts of the study. This hypothesis will help improve upon the results from the study: Associations between Diet and Cancer. Where, the dependent and independent variables will allow researchers to…… [Read More].

Link Between Stress and Heart Disease. Stress and CAD Before discussing the link between stress and heart disease, we must operationalize stress. The reason for this is that when one does a literature search in PubMed using the search terms "stress and heart disease" one will get nearly 40, references. Stress contributing to cardiovascular disease has been defined as vital exhaustion, oxidative stress, psychiatric disorders, or multiple other physical stressors that impact cardiovascular functioning.

This paper will discuss the effects of chronic psychological stress and its effect on cardiovascular functioning. Psychological stress has also been difficult to define as basically because there is no objective measure of such stress. Perhaps the classic approaches are the best. Hans Seyle defined a stressful event as one in which an environmental demand surpasses the inherent regulatory capacity of the organism.

Seyle also defined a psychological model of the reaction to prolonged stress, the General Adaptation Syndrome, that is…… [Read More]. Diet and Heart Disease Public.

In the article by Annesi , they seek to determine the role that various psychological factors will play in obesity rates. During the study, they would require all participants to undergo cognitive behavioral counseling in addition to the traditional programs. Once the study was completed researchers would then compare the obesity rate and the levels of reduction in weight with other studies where psychological factors were not taken into account.

It is important for people with diabetes to be well informed about the disease. You should know what effects diabetes has on your body, how to recognize symptoms of high and low blood sugar, how to monitor your blood sugar levels, and what to do if your blood sugar becomes unstable. Don't be a Couch Potato: It is important to stay active. Keep physical activity up by choosing hobbies like gardening or dancing that are both fun and physical.

Park farther away or chose to take the stairs. Physical activity doesn't have to be strenuous or boring to be beneficial. In addition to watching your sugar intake, be sure to eat a wide variety of foods.

Carbohydrates from whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk should be included in a healthy diet. Coronary Heart disease data mining. Data mining on Coronary heart disease Data mining, also known as data discovery and data knowledge is the process of analyzing hidden patters of data using the specified approach desired in order to extract useful information, collected and assembled into common topics for effective analysis to facilitate decision making The Economic Times, This approach can be used in trying to determine whether there is a common trend in the genetic origin of individuals who suffer from the cardiac complication and whether age has to do with the acceleration of this condition.

This project will involve extensive data mining process with the focus being as large as possible number of individuals suffering from the disease drawn from different races. In the process of data mining in coronary heart disease and the possible genetic connection, there will be aspects that will be of interest. The area of residence of the individual…… [Read More]. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease. In the study by Torpy, Burke and Glass , the risk factors of coronary heart disease are identified, prevention measures are outlined, and possible lifestyle changes that can be positively effected are described.

This paper will summarize the study by Torpy et al. They state that heart disease is the number one leading cause of death in the developed world, which is a rather shocking fact considering that the developed world knows both how to prevent heart disease and how to treat it. In other words, the developed nations are not lacking in knowledge on the subject and yet more people in the developed are dying of heart disease than any other disease—the…… [Read More].

Coronary heart disease risk factors. When speaking of healthcare disparities, it is normal to speak of commonly impacted groups such as women or African-Americans. The diseases or disorders that are commonly the focus of such policy and strategy are things like diabetes, heart disease and so forth. However, this brief report shall represent a change of pace in that something else has reared its head this year. That something has been much more virulent and nasty than is normally seen.

That, of course, would be the flu. Flu season this year has been especially nasty and the same factors that commonly cause vulnerable classes to suffer more from diabetes and heart disease, just to name two, also impact them when it comes to the flu. While some may think that getting flu shots is a waste of time, the number of dead and severely debilitated just this year proves otherwise. Analysis The healthcare policy change…… [Read More]. Flu deaths up in California amid concern over vaccine.

Retrieved 27 February , from https: Big Pharma Has the Flu. Telling you to spend more time outdoors is not going to change the fact that unless you want to live in a tent and work as a gardener, you will still be spending the vast majority of your time indoors. Therefore, the important thing is how to improve the air we breathe indoors.

Today I am going to tell you a little bit about the quality of air you are breathing right now. You are going to be shocked to learn some of the potential short-term and long-term consequences of poor air quality.

The purpose of this is not to scare you ok maybe a little , but to get you to take action. Based on the research I…… [Read More]. Introduction to indoor air quality. Diagnosing and Treating Mitral Regurgitation. Cardiovascular Alterations From the information provided, the diagnosis would be mitral regurgitation that is possibly caused by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Mitral regurgitation is a condition that causes the abnormal flow of blood back from the left ventricle LV to the left atrium LA during ventricular systole, which produces a systolic murmur that is heard loudest at the cardiac apex Acker et al.

The murmur also radiates into the axilla and back. This condition is normally caused by disruption of any part of the mitral valve apparatus. The leakage can cause there to be an increase in blood volume and pressure within the area. This increased blood pressure in the left atrium can result in an increase in pressure in the veins that lead from the lungs to the heart Acker et al. Severe regurgitation will result in increased pressure that can cause congestion in the lungs.

Symptoms of the…… [Read More]. Mitral-valve repair versus replacement for severe ischemic mitral regurgitation. New England Journal of Medicine, 1 , Two-year outcomes of surgical treatment of severe ischemic mitral regurgitation.

New England Journal of Medicine, 4 , Women and Heart Diseases Heart. It was found that certain types of food are more likely to lead to heart conditions while others may actually prevent development of the same. For the healthy heart, they thus recommended foods rich in fiber and wholegrain.

This is consistent with the recommendations made by Heart association of America. Heidemann is of the opinion that instead of simply adding certain nutrients to the diet, women need to change their entire diet pattern. This is their best safeguard against possible heart problems. The research particularly targets women and it is perplexing to understand but another researcher offer an explanation: But the fact is, they do. And clearly, in terms of heart disease risk, diet makes a difference.

They simply endorse what earlier studies have found. Preventable Heart Disease in Young. Likewise, younger adults tend to consume alcohol in patterns more conducive to the development of heart disease than older adults. Unfortunately, all indications are that these differences between heart disease rates is only likely to increase in the next generation, owing to the current obesity epidemic among American children.

Ultimately, many of these risk factors are under our control, but it appears that various elements of American social culture currently militate against making more responsible choices on the part of many contemporary young adults. Retrieved November 20, from USNews. Dealing With Heart Disease. A patient would most likely develop hypervolemia through eating sodium-based foods, from blood transfusions, medications and diagnostic contrast dyes.

Silverstein, What blood pressure, central venous pressure, and arterial pressure would be indicative of hypervolemia? Silverstein, How would a nurse recognize that a hypovolemic patient had received adequate volume replacement? The way a nurse would recognize a hypovolemic condition is to look for swelling in the legs and arms.

At the same time, there will be an increase in the patient's weight. When there is adequate replacement, these levels will come down dramatically. Silverstein, How do neurohormonal mechanisms contribute to the development of heart failure? Neurohumoral adaptations are impacting the systemic pressure through vasoconstriction. This leads…… [Read More]. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Reprieved April 30, from http: It is an academic and professional article widely informed by the ever rising use and need to use the herbal medicine in the USA.

The FDA has weighed in especially in terms of the safety concerns of these various herbs hence this article objectively looks at the issues concerning the benefits, the adverse effects and the therapeutic value of various herbal therapies particularly among patients with cardiovascular diseases. The article highlights the challenges that the herbal medicine faces in terms of the regulations and standards setting is concerned. Many manufacturers are seen…… [Read More].

There have been cases of people succumbing to complications occasioned by the CHD hence the need for any medic or clinician to fully furnish themselves with the CHD and the causes and effects as well as how it can be managed. CHD is a disuse characterized by the development of a waxy substance called plaque building up in the inner walls of the coronary arteries.

These are the arteries responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles. The buildup of plaque on the inner walls of the arteries results into atherosclerosis and this takes many years to pile up to harmful…… [Read More].

It consists of "cardiac inflammation" accompanied by scarring which itself is a reaction to the autoimmune system fighting the group A streptococci.

The myocardium, endocardium, and epicardium are each affected in turn. In the chronic stage, heumatic heart disease results in valvular fibrosis Burk, The pathophysiology of heumatic heart disease is as follows: The causative agent is group A streptococci.

It develops into strep throat, which if untreated can turn into heumatic fever. At this point, the individual suffers inflammation of the layers of the heart as well as the mitral valve. Vegetation also begins to develop. This will lead to valvula regurgitation plus stenosis. The result of all of this is heart failure Burke, Other limitations which further hindered the analytical strength of the study, was the fact it was conducted only in one hospital.

The suggestions provided by the researchers in the conclusion of the study are both enlightening and appropriate to further study and methodology of care giving within hospice. The designers of this research propose the idea that hospice care should include attention towards a patient's physical symptoms, but also their psychological symptoms which are bound to be prevalent within the atmosphere of a hospice.

Attention geared towards the patient's psychological wellness will greatly improve the quality of life which the patient must endure while awaiting the inevitable inside the hospice walls. These conclusions and suggestions, although somewhat of a transgression from the primary focus of the study, are important for the truth they hold within them. The prevalence of symptoms…… [Read More].

Quality Development in Advanced Practice field knowledge in nursing: Proposal on Enhancing the dental health of children suffering Congenital Heart Disease One of the most prevalent development abnormalities found in children is heart disease, and it occurs in about in every 1, births. Dental supervision of children with congenital heart problems calls for special care, due to their increased susceptibility to contagious endocarditis, which is associated with bacteremia caused by persistent dental processes.

Additionally, these patients always have developmental enamel abnormalities that raises caries risk, and always have deprived oral health. This latter condition may be said to be due to cardiac health problems, whose care and attention may lead to the under-estimation of oral health and inadequate consideration. Additionally, continual administration of liquid drugs containing sucrose as sweetener may cause caries and gingivitis cases in children Andersson et al.

Dental ailment may cause dental extractions in…… [Read More]. Asthma or Heart Disease or Diabetes. In , the number rose to and it is expected to rise to by The pervasiveness of diabetes is advanced in males compared to females, yet the number of women with diabetes is more compared to that of men.

Diabetes affects any part of the human body and people with diabetes are likely to die of heart-related problems or stroke. Seventy-percent of individuals with diabetes show signs of high blood pressure which a risk factor for heart-related diseases.

The majority of…… [Read More]. Its use on those with acute PAH should be performed with caution. The use of the procedure was deemed relatively safe for chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Severely ill patients should be subjected to non-invasive imaging method exhaustively before resorting to pulmonary angiography Hofman et al.

Caring for Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension. Springhouse Corporation, May Retrieved on April 25, from http: Medical Therapy for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. American College of Chest Physicians, July 20, Journal of Cultural Diversity: Tucker Publications, March 22, Retrieved on April 26, from http: Heart Problems Linked to Those Born with HIV HIV treatment now improves the longevity of infected persons, and researchers have since shifted their focus to the health-related complications that such persons could face later in life.

Cardiovascular disease has been found to be one, and perhaps the most significant, of these complications. Whereas almost no child in America is now born with HIV, owing to the availability of preventive drugs, more than , children born every year in the developing world are not as lucky, and have to take antiretroviral drugs their entire lives.

This text establishes how the "combination of the effects of HIV itself and the antiretroviral drugs used to treat it" increases the likelihood…… [Read More]. Heart Rate and Exercise The leading cause of death in America is cardiovascular disease. This particular disease was responsible for , deaths in this country last year, accounting for Studies have shown that exercise reduces the risk of heart disease.

Indeed, people who are less fit have between a thirty and fifty percent greater risk for the development of high blood pressure. Just Move, PG 1 Unfortunately fifty-four percent of all Americans are overweight and only ten percent follow a regular exercise regimen. Ask Yahoo, Pg 1 Currently only twenty-two percent of all Americans get enough exercise to protect their hearts.

Fifty-three percent get some exercise, but nowhere near enough to cut down their probabilities of disease and twenty-five percent are not active at all. Just Move, Pg 1 Numerous studies have shown throughout the years that exercise and physical fitness lowers the heart disease risk…… [Read More]. Disease Control and Prevention Cdc.

BMR stands for basal metabolic rate. It generally refers to the body's metabolism at stasis: The BMR is the basic energy level needed to sustain life. A person's basal metabolic rate usually decreases with age. The best way to increase the BMR is to exercise regularly. Eating less does not raise the BMR but rather, usually lowers it. Therefore, exercise is in many ways more important than eating less if a person hopes to lose weight. A higher body fat percentage is also correlated with a lower basal metabolic rate.

Therefore, individuals with a lot of muscle mass tend to have higher basal metabolic rates than individuals who do not because muscles are metabolically more active than fat.

Fat is burned off when muscles are used, during intensive exercise when the intake of calories is less than the expenditure of energy.

Damage to Heart Valves. Heart Valves Heart disease is something that is negatively impacting thousand Americans annually. Most patients manifest heart failure based upon inactivity and poor diet. This makes it difficult for the body to adequately pump blood to the rest of the body. Older adults will develop the condition based upon an increase in weight and they will have excessive fluid in their legs and arms. This places tremendous amounts of strain on their valves.

Once this occurs, is when the damage can become severe and negatively impact the underlying health of the patient causing cardiac arrest. Silverstein, To fully understand what is occurring requires focusing on the extent of these injuries, the deformities and impact it…… [Read More].

Reducing Stress as a Help for Heart Disease. Care Plan The client is at risk of heart failure and aside from his physical health issues he carries a great deal of external burdens that contribute to his overall mental and emotional stress. He needs to find some activity that can relieve him of these pressures and volunteering at a local religious organization or charity may provide an outlet as well as a suitable means of making some connection to the community, which could alleviate the internalizing of his pressures as well as provide some spiritual benefit, which researchers have identified as having potential positive effects Kyziridis, An effective nursing intervention customized for the client would be to devise a goal for the client and with the client that would include exercise, stress relief, and community interaction.

His triglycerides are high and his cholesterol is borderline high. A diet should be devised so as help with the heart…… [Read More]. Management of Left Ventricular Heart. NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, The Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are stated to be "recommended as first-line treatment in all people with left ventricular systolic dysfunction LVSD "with or without symptoms of heart failure.

Alzheimer's Disease currently affects more than four million Americans. Alzheimer's is a disease characterized by the progressive degeneration of areas within the brain, resulting in cognitive and physical decline that will eventually lead to death. It is important to emphasize that Alzheimer's disease AD is not a normal part of aging. Although AD typically appears in those over sixty-five, it is a neurodegenerative disease, quite distinct from any aging-related cognitive decline. With the elderly population the fastest growing segment of North American society, Alzheimer's threatens to be an even greater health concern in the future decades.

For patients exhibiting mild cognitive impairment, research is being done on ways to slow the disease's progression. The two main thrusts of Alzheimer's research are biological, which…… [Read More].

Alzheimer's Disease The Onset as. What is worth noting here is the fact that behavior disturbances, ranging in severity from repeated questioning to physical violence, are common National Institute of Mental Health, It is unclear whether Alzheimer's disease represents a single entity or several variants.

Some experts believe that there are distinct subtypes of Alzheimer's disease, such as Lewy body disease in which the signs of Parkinson's disease, visual hallucinations or alterations in alertness or attention, or all of these symptoms, are conspicuous and frontotemporal dementia in which disinhibition, misconduct or apathy, or all of these signs, are prominent.

The well-established risk factors for Alzheimer's disease are age, a family history of the disease and Down syndrome National Institute of Mental Health, Confusions about Alzheimer's Disease and the Need for Alternative Actions There have been numerous studies conducted in relation to Alzheimer's disease.

At the same time, there are a number of reports…… [Read More]. Fish Oil Supplements Great for the Heart. Fish Oil Supplements Great for the Heart," discusses the benefits of fish-oil supplements in controlling atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart disease.

Studies show that fish-oil helps break down triglycerides, that can cause atherosclerosis, and people who exercise regularly show the most benefits from taking fish-oil supplements. This article indicates that fish-oil supplements could replace some other drug therapies for heart disease, and that it is a good idea to begin and exercise program and take fish-oil supplements if you want to reduce your risk of heart disease. I do not take fish-oil now, but I think I will start. The second article, "Heart of the Matter," discusses several different supplements that are supposed to help prevent heart disease, including fish…… [Read More].

Is Obesity a Disease. Introduction, Background, and Definition Persuade the scientists Persuade the advocacy groups Persuade the federal agencies Persuade the insurance companies Persuade the drug makers Visual: According to the Merriam-ebster Online Dictionary, the second two definitions of "disease" are "2: Definition number two describes how the being is personally affected by a disease, and definition number three describes how society as a whole is affected by a disease.

It is recommended that the epidemic of obesity in America be given a disease status to confront this "harmful development" that "impairs normal functioning" in society. By declaring obesity a disease, American society can face up…… [Read More]. While coronary artery disease refers to the coronary arteries, coronary heart disease refers to the diseases of the coronary arteries and resulting complications.

This includes such complications such as chest pain, a heart attack, and the scar tissue caused by the heart attack. Understanding this subtle difference between the two may impress your cardiologist.

Cardiomyopathy is a disease affecting the muscle of the heart. Cardiomyopathy can be genetic or caused by a viral infection. Cardiomyopathy can be classified as primary or secondary.

Primary cardiomyopathy is attributed to a specific cause hypertension, congenital heart defects, heart valve disease. Secondary cardiomyopathy is attributed to specific causes diseases affecting other organs. There are three main types of cardiomyopathy.

Dilated cardiomyopathy is enlargement and stretching of the cardiac muscle. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy causes thickening of the heart muscle.

Restrictive cardiomyopathy causes the ventricles of the heart to become excessively rigid causing blood flow to the ventricles to be difficult between heartbeats. Valvular heart disease is a disease that affects the valves of the heart. Valves within the heart keep the blood flowing in the correct direction. Damage to valves can be caused by a variety of conditions leading to regurgitation or insufficiency leaking valve , prolapse improper closing of the valve , or stenosis narrowing of the valve.

Valvular heart disease can be genetic. Valvular heart disease can also be caused by certain infections such as rheumatic fever, and certain medications or radiation treatments for cancer. The pericardium is a sac that encompasses the heart.

Pericardial disease is inflammation pericarditis , stiffness constrictive pericarditis , or fluid accumulation pericardial effusion of the pericardium. Pericardial disease can be caused by many things such as occurring after a heart attack.

Congenital heart disease is a form of heart disease that develops before birth. Congenital heart disease is an extremely broad term. However, these diseases usually affect the formation of the heart muscle, chambers, or valves.

A few examples include coarctation or a narrowing of a section of the aorta; atrial or ventricular septal defect is referred to as holes in the heart. Congenital heart disease may be inherited heredity , or caused by certain infections such as German measles contracted while pregnant.


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By: Kristy Haugen The term heart disease is a very broad term. Problems can arise within the heart muscle, arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle, or the valves within the heart that pump blood in the correct direction.

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Heart Disease in the United States - Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both women and men in the United States. It is very important to learn about the heart to prevent heart disease.

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Most people don't know very much about heart disease, and used to be one of those people. I wanted to be informed on these things that I didn't know about. Heart disease Introduction What is heart disease? Heart disease or Cardiovascular disease is an abnormal function of the heart or blood vessels. It can cause an increase in risk for heart attack, heart failure, sudden death, stroke and cardiac rhythm problems, thus resulting in decreased quality of life and decreased life expectancy.

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Hence coronary heart disease is also called ischemic heart disease. Angina, heart attack and heart failure and are all clinical forms of coronary heart disease.1 Overall, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the Western world.2 In the UK, heart attacks are responsible for around , deaths every year and cost the NHS. Heart Disease in the United States Essay. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both women and men in the United States. It is very important to learn about the heart to prevent heart disease.