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Michelle Obama’s Thesis

February 22, 2008

❶I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis.

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At the gate there is an arrow pointing to the slot saying insert coin here. A mechanic would come 2 to 3 times a week to fix the shorted card reader.. He tried to have his boss remove the arrow since no one was paying attention to it anyway…..

Comment by Ben — December 24, The sampling was too small to draw any conclusion. She should have chosen another topic. Comment by Thomas Owens — May 25, Her thesis definetly has an affinity for keeping the status quo, black racism, alive. She comes across as preferring to see black segregationism instead of American integration. But that perceived preference is muted by the general tone to the thesis which is: That is not an outrageous question to ask.

The results seem to say that integration is the normal result. Comment by Mango — September 16, Originally, blacks in power encouraged integration with whites. Michelle has pushed her race back 40 years plus with her remarks. In addition, the topic of her study is so trite, that it is amazing that tax payer dollars paid for this trash! What do you expect when Chicago politics mix with Princeton liberal thought? Mozzone — September 28, 8: You are so right.

So, of course, it has hate for blacks snd white, or anyone whom flies the flag. Some people just enjoy being mean and hateful….. Comment by 4grands — July 9, 9: Comment by Anonymous — August 10, 8: After reading this today and considering the 20 years spent with the Rev. A man of honor, to all Americans and our Country. Comment by heyjude — September 30, 7: She keeps using the words predominantly white. Well African Americans are a minority correct? If she spent more time helping people and less time worrying about color and status, she could accomplish a lot more.

My question to Michelle. Why do you want to help the poor black people so much more than the poor white people. Why not just give all your money to the very poor? Forget about the past. Live in the now. Change the way you think. Comment by Jerry Brown — October 17, 8: She IS a racist. Not only that but a trouble maker as well. Have never seen a meaner looking woman, and I am from the south.

Comment by 4grands — February 24, Comment by Anonymous — October 19, 2: The thesis is well written and objective. High marks to the author. It is a study and not a statement of her opinions. Comment by Pinky — October 21, 1: Comment by Anonymous — September 24, 1: There are gaps in the thesis, does that mean this is a censored copy?

What I see from these two will be complete collapse of our freedoms with more taxes and government intrusion into our lives.

Comment by Dinty — October 25, 2: Comment by BigD — June 23, But her choice of topic DOES reflect her opinion. She and her husband are both racists. Birds of a feather. Comment by Joe — October 30, 2: It is very clear that this issue weighed heavily on her mind. What strikes me funny is that her husband Barack, is half white.

That fact was not nearly promoted enough during the entire campaign. It is obvious which group the Obamas identify the most with. Saying this, whether I agree with his political views or not, I am glad that he one the race as a glass ceiling has now been shattered! His accomplishment should remove this contrast in the future as it is an advantage that can no longer be leveraged! Comment by Tony Blanco — November 6, 2: He is only a little more than 6 percent Black. The whole black issue is one of a welfare state pushed on blacks throughout generations and also one of well educated blacks like Michelle who live with a big chip on her shoulder.

There are more reasons for so many black babies without fathers and for a high percentage of black men in prison. When most babies born to blacks are to unwed mothers, it is not the fault of white, blue eyed citizens. When black men are in prison, it is not because they are profiled, it is because they are caught. Use a condom if not married. Comment by angrynana — April 3, 2: I think everyone is forgetting that this Thesis is from How old was this college student in ?

I would like to address angrynana. White people are always spouting forget the past, moved on. Well, when are you going to be reponsible for your actions, what you have done. Who is going to be responsible for that? Who is going to be responsible for the lack of educational equality for minorities.

When the tides change and whites are the poor minorities, what then? So, do you think only blacks are in jail, pregnant and on drugs.

Even, though studies and the news predict Blacks tragic downfall as part of this country…if you look thru eyes wide open you will see that Blacks have made great strides inspite of the torture they have endured. Please, recognize that the African American race is a phenomenal race and a compliment to this country. Comment by jjacki3 — April 12, The whole race issue is Democrats yes, I said it — Democrats. It was Democrats who started a civil war to keep black people enslaved. It was Democrats who established the KKK to keep blacks in fear.

After Republicans adopted constitutional amendments to guarantee black rights, it was Democrats who passed jim crow laws to keep them from voting.

After losing that battle, Democrats switched gears and enslaved blacks by handing them welfare crumbs to buy their vote. Democrats have been peddling soft racism for years by telling minorities that they are too inept to make it on their own. They need government assistance, because they are too stupid, or too lazy, or too weak to overcome the same adversities facing ordinary middle class Americans. Democrats continue to support racist organizations such as ACORN, which keeps blacks enslaved to drugs by paying voter registration personnel with crack cocaine.

There is no level to which Demcrats will not sink in order to keep the black vote at the end of a short leash. It is not America who needs to apologise for the past. It is not whites who need to apologise for the past. It is not Republicans who need to apologise for the past. Stop trying to drag the rest of us into the bed that you made. Our sins are buried at Arlington while yours continue to multiply and decay what little soul you have left.

Comment by Taro — April 4, Taro………almost to the word is what I would have said. If not for the formation of the Republican party, and our first Republican candidate…Abe Lincoln…who knows how many more years the democrats would have enslaved blacks.

Comment by Frank Rinaldo — August 18, 9: How come i never see a response or rebuttal from democrats when these facts are entered into a debate. Comment by Anonymous — July 24, Well who cares what happened 50 years ago or years ago. And you know you guys are forgetting about the Indians. The english stole their land. America was theirs so really none of us have a right to say anything unless you are in fact a native american or indian or whatever name you wanna come up with.

So really if you wanna get down to it none of us deserve America or anything else. We have all just kept on and on worrying about things that are not important we have forgotten what is important. Comment by Mango — June 1, 4: Take a gander sometime generally at admission requirements at various private law schools, for example—the discrepancy may surprise you. Obama and end racial preferences.

The way to end racism is to end racism, not to practice it at all levels of government, business, and society at large. From Mark Gardner , blogging at WhackyNation:. Barack Obama and the Democrats should face reality. This senior paper dooms any hope of the Obama couple being elected to the White House. From Steve Sailer's iSteve Blog:. Okay, it's schoolgirlish in style, especially compared to her husband's sonorous mature prose, but she was only 21 when she wrote it.

The important thing, though, is that the artlessness of her writing allows the meaning to shine through more obviously than in Dreams From My Father -- but it's the same Story of Race and Inheritance. And she sure has some self-esteem issues, doesn't she? I think that's part of her appeal to the Oprah audience: Support for the hypothesis discussed in the previous paragraph may be found in the relationships between change in time and change in general comfort the respondents feel when interacting with Blacks and Whites in various activ- ates.

This same positive relationship is also shown in Table The motivation to benefit the Black community is also in- fluenced by time see table The more respondents in- creased the time they spent with Blacks the more motivated they became to benefit the Black community; and the more the respondents spent time with Whites, the more unmotivated the respondents became to benefit the Black community.

The relationship between change in time and change in mo- tivation to benefit the Black community for Prin-to-Post period in Table A strong relationship is indicated in the top portion of the table which shows that the more re- spondents began spending time with Blacks, the more respon- dents became motivated to benefit the Black community.

Yet, the relationship in the bottom portion of the table shows no relationship at all. It is possible that the disappearance of this relation- ship in the bottom portion of the table is correlated to the inability to determine which of the variables, time or ideologies, is more closely related to the dependent vari-.

As opposed to Table Thus, for certain cases and periods of time, it is possible that ideologies is more in- fluential than time. The relationship between change in time and change in ideologies is demonstrated by tables Thus, it may be understood that the more respondents increased the time they spent with Blacks or Whites greatly influenced their sense of comfort with Blacks and Whites, in general, in ad- dition to influencing their desire to benefit the Black com- munity, and their ideologies.

The frequencies from the data see tables 2 and 2a indi- cate that a smaller percentage of respondents spent time with Blacks during Pre-Princeton, in comparison to Prince- ton. During Princeton, this percentage increased greatly, but declined during Post-Princeton.

The percentages in tables 2 and 2a, in addition to the relationships between change in time and the dependent vari- ables in tables The tables demon- strate that for both the Pre-to-Prin and the Prin-to-Post periods, the more respondents increased the time they spent with Blacks, the more comfortable respondents became while engaging in intellectual and social activities with Blacks and the less comfortable they became with Whites.

The more respondents increased time spent with Whites, the more com- fortable respondents became while engaging in intellectual and social activities with Whites and the less they became comfortable with Blacks. Thus, the respondents who spent more time with Blacks during the Pre-to-Prin period were un- comfortable when interacting with Whites in social and inte- lectual activities.

Tables 14 and This ob- servation indicates a likelihood that the high percentage of respondents who began spending time with Blacks during the Pre-to-Prin period did so consciously as opposed to being. Also, given relationships shown in tables 13 and As we have seen, the findings discussed in the previous paragraphs seem to support the hypothesis that respondents who were increasing the time spent with Blacks were becoming more attached to the Black community during the Pre-to-Prin period both in their individual interactions and in their political ideologies about Black and White relations on a community level.

Respondents who were increasing time spent with Blacks were also becoming interested in positively con- tributing to the Black community. As a result of the huge decline in the percentage of re- spondents who began increasing time spent with Blacks during the Prin-to-Post period demonstrated earlier in Table 2, it seems probable that as respondents became.

Evidence to support the hypothesis previously discussed may be seen in Table 2a which shows the percentage of re- spondents who began spending time with Blacks and Whites. During the Prin-to-Post period, as respondents reported. However, it must be noted that these findings could be the result of the questionnaire design. Respondents were asked to rate their attitudes by comparing Blacks and Whites, thus, as certain attitudes towards Blacks increase, it is inevitable that these attitudes towards Whites will decrease and vice versa.

The study tries to examine ideologies as it relates to the dependent variables. Thus, ideolo- gies during Princeton are not only related to time during Pre-Princeton, but to a combination of time and schools at- tended. It is my hypothesis that ideologies held by the respon- dents will be positively related to attitudes, comforts, and motivations of respondents.

However, tables 18 and This table shows the variables moving together, yet, after Princeton, these variables move in different di- rections. In order to explain this disappearance it would be help- ful to find some third variable having the same relationship to ideologies and to general comfort during the Pre-to-Prin period but would have different relationships to these vari- ables in the Prin-to-Post period.

Unfortunately, I have been unable to find such a variable in this study. Thus, in this instance, I will not venture to speculate beyond the limits of my data. Despite this peculiar occurance, ideologies and other de- pendent variables show relatively strong relationships with few inconsistencies. For example, tables 19 and One possible explanation for this occurance may be that both integrationist and separationist strive to benefit the Black community because supporters of these ideologies may.

Such reasoning could account for the findings which show separationists becoming more motivated to benefit the Black community in comparison to integration- ists. However, the relationship between the change in ideologies during the Prin-to-Post period and the change in feeling of obligation to the Black lower class in table These findings make it possible to speculate that at the Post-Princeton point, as more respondents were becoming in- creasingly motivated by their occupations, they had less at- tention to divide among their other priorities.

As a re- sult, some of their motivations to the Black community may have become withdrawn in order to place more emphasis on oc- cupational attainments. Consequently, their feelings of ob- ligation to the Black lower class were decreased as well. Tables 21 and But, it should be noted that the relationship during the Pre-to-Prin period, in this case, is a little weaker than the Prin-to-Post period relationship.

When the relationship between change in ideologies and guilt of betraying the Black lower class is analyzed in ta- bles 22 and This conflict may result from actively integrating in a predominately White environment by attending Princeton.

On the other hand, the respondent is acting in the best interest of integrationist. Table 23, however, shows this same relationship but con- siderably stronger than the relationship in table This same relationship was present for the Prin-to-Post period in Table Integrationist and separationist ideologies both encour- age the active participation of the Black community in work- ing towards self-help.

Integrationism and separtionism may both be ways for the Black lower class to help themselves. Thus, it is not surprising that the idea of self-help by the lower class continued to increase through the life periods of the respondents. Finally, tables 24 and However, once again, this relationship was very weak for the same relationship in the Prin-to-Post Table My speculation for this finding is based on the possibil- ity that a separationist is more likely to have a realistic impression of the plight of the Black lower class because of the likelihood that a separationist is more closely associ- ated with the Black lower class than are integrationist.

By actually working with the Black lower class or within their communities as a result of their ideologies, a separationist may better understand the desparation of their situation and feel more hopeless about a resolution as opposed to an inte- grationist who is ignorant to their plight. The original hypotheses of the study as demonstrated ear- lier by the causal models in diagram 1, stated that time would have a positive relationship to the dependent vari- ables such that the more respondents began spending time with Blacks, the more they would become attached to Black individuals and the Black community in several respects; and the more respondents began spending time with Whites, the more they would be attached to Whites in several respects.

The findings as demonstrated by the revised causal models below in diagrams 2 and 3, were not far off from these orig- inal hypotheses. The causal model in diagram 2 demonstrates that there is still a positive relationship between time and the dependent variables. Ideologies, however, was found to have the same relationship to the dependent variables. Unfortunately, the data do not provide a way of determining whether time or ideologies is more closely related to the dependent vari- ables for reasons discussed earlier.

However, I have chosen to examine the time respondents spent with Blacks and Whites as it determines later ideologies and attitudes because I am more interested in this relationship as opposed to examining how ideologies determines time.

The causal model in diagram 3 demonstrates that the study examines the respondents who spent time interacting with Blacks and Whites on an individual level as the major causal variable of the study. However, the more respondents began spending time with Whites, the more they became attached to and interested in the White community. The causal model goes on to argue that the relationships between ideologies and the variables which measure attit- dues, i. The major conclusion to be drawn from the findings of the study is as follows: However, after Princeton this identification decreased dras- tically.

Before discussing this finding in more detail, I feel it is necessary to clarify this idea of identification as it is used in this study. In de- fining the concept of identification or the ability to identify with the Black community, I based my definition on the premise that there is a distinctive Black culture very different from White culture. Some of these Blacks are no longer able to enjoy the qualities which make Black culture so unique or are unable to openly share their culture with other Blacks because they have become so far removed from these experiences and, in some instances, ashamed of them as a result of their integration.

There are other Blacks who, in being integrated have not lost touch. They have maintained an awareness and a sincere appreciation for the uniqueness of the Black culture. It is with these ideas that I formulated my conception of identifying with the Black community. Thus, I believe that a respondent who did not identify with the Black community would be less likely to spend time with Blacks and be less motivated to benefit the Black community.

However I encoun- tered several problems following this line of reasoning. I now believe it is incorrect to assume that just because a Black individual does not enjoy or choose to participate in the culture of his people, that that individual is not interested in benefiting that group of people.

For example, a Black may not enjoy the music, or language of the Black community because his preferences lead him to other inter- ests, but this same individual may actively work to improve employment for Blacks because of a sincere interest in ame- liorating this condition. Therefore, the inability to identify with one aspect of the Black culture does not nec- essarily cause apathy towards Blacks in general. Also, a Black individual may be unable to understand or appreciate the Black culture because that individual was not raised in that culture, yet still be able to;identify as be- ing a Black person.

It is possible that the individual. Thus, defining identification as an appreciation and an enjoyment found in the Black culture is not complete enough for the purposes of the study. However, through my study I was able to redefine the concept of identification.

Until this point familiarity only served to explain the role of comfort in this study. However, after completion of my study, it is clear to me that familiarity or the extent to which respondents are familiar with the Black community is helpful in redefining the concept of identification. Many questions arise from these findings. For instance, why did some respondents tend to become more attached and interested in the Black community during Princeton? What influence did their Princeton environment have on their at- titudes and why were these influences not present before and after Princeton?

The findings provided by this study leave these questions unanswered because the questionnaire was not designed to investigate these surprising occurances. How- ever, it is possible to develop new hypotheses which might explain these findings and suggest methods for testing them.

One possible hypothesis explaining why some respondents become attached to Blacks during Princeton was derived from some ideas Dejoie brought out in her report discussed earli-. Predominately White universi- ties like Princeton are socially and academically designed to cater to the needs of the White students comprising the bulk of their enrollments.

At Princeton, for example, pres- ently their are only five Black tenured professsors on its faculty; and the program of Afro-American studies is one of the smallest and most understaffed departments in the Uni- versity only offering four courses during the spring semes- ter of ; and there is only one major University recog- nized organization on campus designed specifically for the intellectual and social interests of Blacks and other Third World students.

If Black students want to have certain speakers or programs, catering to their interests, they must form sepa- rate groups within the University, i. Several Black students within the past four years, have even organized a Food Co- operative which provides these students with an inexpensive alternative to University eating facilities and Eating Clubs which are very expensive by comparison.

Thus, it is not surprising that, in their attempts to satisfy their own in- tellectual, social, and also economic needs, some respon-. In order to study this hypothesis which, in essence, is saying that the more respondents became attached to Blacks during the Pre-to-Prin period, the more respondents became dissatisfied with the social and academic environment at Princeton, one might measure the degree of satisfaction re- spondents felt in their experiences at Princeton.

From such a question, one could discover how satisfied Blacks were at Princeton and what satisfied them most and least. It is possible that Black individuals either chose to or felt pressured to come together with other Blacks on campus because of the belief that Blacks must join in solidarity to combat a White oppressor. As the few Blacks in a White en-. One can contrast the mood of the campus years ago and the level of attachment to Blacks to that of the present mood of the campus, which is more pro-integrationist, and the level of attachment to Blacks.

Presently, with the Black Power Movement behind us and with the implementation of CURL College Undergraduate Residential Life , the mood of the campus has been shifted in such a way that Black students are discouraged from forming separate groups because of a fear that they are segregating themselves from mainstream campus life by doing so.

Thus, if a survey were to be made today of the level of Black involvement in minority organi- zations and their involvement in campus organizations, there would be a larger percentage of Blacks involved in main- stream life in comparison to the years when these respon- dents were at Princeton.

But, on the other hand, the per- centage of involvement in Third World organizations would be much lower now than then. It appears, that the present mood of the campus is one that encourages the integration and as- similation of Blacks, whereas the mood of the campus and even society in general several years ago encouraged the separation of Blacks.

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Michelle Obama's senior thesis at Princeton University shows a young woman grappling with race and society. Michelle Obama thesis . Has access to Michelle Obama's senior thesis been restricted until after the presidential election?