You shouldn't ignore your paper outline; instead, attempt to write the introduction without directly relying on the outline. This allows your creative juices to flow and provides new insights about developing the paper's body and conclusion. If you can't write the introduction without looking at source material, you don't grasp your research. Choose the best version of your introduction and revise it. You should write a final version of your introduction before moving on to the research paper's body.
Your introduction should summarize your paper, indicate its importance for future research and describe your research's extent or sources. A complete introduction will use a literature review that summarizes existing background knowledge to set the stage for the research being conducted, which should then be followed by establishing the scope, context and importance of the research.
The introduction for an average research paper is typically several paragraphs in length since it needs to cover a lot of information to properly introduce the topic. Ask someone to proofread and critique the introduction.
Preferably, you should ask the teacher or professor who assigned the paper to read the introduction, making sure it conforms to the assignment's requirements. If it's written correctly, your instructor can ascertain most of the paper's content without reading the entire document. Your instructor can also provide direction for the rest of your paper. Jared Lewis is a professor of history, philosophy and the humanities. He has taught various courses in these fields since What is a research paper?
This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. To achieve supreme excellence or perfection in anything you do, you need more than just the knowledge. Like the Olympic athlete aiming for the gold medal, you must have a positive attitude and the belief that you have the ability to achieve it. Choose a topic which interests and challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into your research.
Focus on a limited aspect, e. Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on a full-scale research. If you are uncertain as to what is expected of you in completing the assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher. Select a subject you can manage. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized.
Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials. For general or background information, check out useful URLs , general information online , almanacs or encyclopedias online such as Britannica. Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point. Pay attention to domain name extensions, e. These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in some government sites. Network Solutions provides a link where you can find out what some of the other extensions stand for.
Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on the Net. The quality of these personal homepages vary greatly. Learning how to evaluate websites critically and to search effectively on the Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time.
The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as. Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and are available to anyone who wishes to register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken.
For instance, if Books. Check out online resources, Web based information services, or special resource materials on CDs:. Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information.
As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and your date of access on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is so important.
Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. It is impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment. Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper.
It will naturally change while you develop your ideas. Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject. The paper should present something new to the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from other writers.
If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise. Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas.
It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. Students by John Cochrane. In it, Cochrane has a brief section of advice on the introduction:. The introduction should start with what you do in this paper, the major contribution. You must explain that contribution so that people can understand it.
Do not start with a long motivation of how important the issue is to public policy. Start with your central contribution. This just reiterates the point both Oldboy and Suresh made that the introduction should clearly state what the paper is about, and also some more detailed advice about avoiding generic intro.
I have an article for this, you can check it out: Making concrete analogies and big pictures. Start writing the body paragraphs then use the basic ideas of all of them and then create an introduction and concluding paragraphs! Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site the association bonus does not count.
Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead? Questions Tags Users Badges Unanswered. How to write a strong introduction into a research paper? Here's a bit of meta-advice on this point. One major way I've learned how to improve introductions is by thinking hard about negative referee reports. In my experience, when a paper gets a referee report that I disagree with, the explanation is often that the introduction needed to be clearer about something.
Noah's advice is spot on although one might aspire to write a good introduction earlier in the day than this and really points to the importance of the question: Clark Mar 30 '14 at Every paper has a story to tell, starting with Here's a fascinating question Here's what people have tried to do in brief: A few pure theory papers begin with "Let X be a
Finding a topic and doing the research may be half the battle, but putting words to paper or starting an introduction often proves to be an intimidating task. If done correctly, an introduction is a simple and effective way to write the entire paper quickly.
Create a research paper outline. Having the previous stage done, start drafting. During this stage try to plan out the main ideas of the work. The research paper outline prevents mistakes that may be made. By and large, it wouldn’t hurt .
Five Different Ways to Start an Introduction for a Research Paper If you've ever read a research paper that had you head-bobbing after the first sentence, then you know how important the introductory paragraph is. How to Start a Research Paper. Jul 19, Types of Academic Writing. Before we begin writing our research paper, let's take a look at the definition. A research paper is a type of writing in which the author does an independent analysis of the topic and describes the findings from that investigation. Start your introductory sentence.
Dec 18, · Copy the quote into your paper. Make sure you mention who said or wrote the quote originally; no plagiarism please! Start with the quote and lead into your analysis with how the two connect. Analyze your quote for a second. Think of the main words in the quote to draw the connection to your paper. You do not need a long quote %(2). How to write a strong introduction into a research paper? up vote 61 down vote favorite. How does one write a strong (good) introduction into a research paper? Some introductions make me really curious about the rest of the paper while others do not. Although it is relatively easy to say which introductions are good and which are not, I.