Never compare two wrong nouns. SAT tests students for misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. In the former, it refers to a phrase that supposedly does not explain the thing it should and sounds like explaining something wrong. In the latter, phrases begin with sentence having a comma after it but not the right noun placed after the comma correctly. You have to fix them correctly. While the newer SAT is not as vocab heavy as the older SAT, the test takers will still be benefited by strengthening the vocabulary.
Make sure that you understand the words in context and void common pitfalls like homophones. These are some grammar rules that you can learn apart from many others to glide through the SAT test. Login with QS Account. Looks like you are here for the first time.
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Enter a strong password. Re-Type your password here. Re-send verification code to your inbox. The corrected sentence conveys the same information as the original but in a much more concise manner.
Answer choices A, B, and C are redundant. The correct answer is D. Idiom questions can be challenging because they don't conform to specific rules. You have to rely on your knowledge of specific phrases and standard English conventions to answer these questions correctly. In most idiom questions on the SAT, you'll be asked to determine which preposition to use in a given sentence.
Check out this example sentence with a prepositional idiom error:. After getting suspended, Herbert decided to focus at improving his behavior. After getting suspended, Herbert decided to focus on improving his behavior. The general rule regarding verb consistency is that verbs should remain consistent in tense or form throughout a sentence.
Last week, Frank rented a car and drives to Las Vegas. This is the corrected version of the sentence:. Last week, Frank rented a car and drove to Las Vegas. Also, on the SAT, the verb tenses of surrounding sentences can provide context clues for the proper tense to use in a given sentence to maintain consistency. Trenton lives in a rural area. He enjoyed the peace and quiet. Here is a corrected version of the sentence: He enjoys the peace and quiet.
Answer choices B and D are not present tense verbs. The correct answer is C. The SAT tests a number of comma rules, and these are two that you need to know. Restrictive clauses are necessary to the meaning of the sentence. Students who read regularly are prepared for the SAT. A non-restrictive clause isn't essential to the meaning of the sentence. If you got rid of the clause, you'd have less information, but the overall meaning of the sentence would remain the same.
Here's an example sentence with the non-restrictive clause underlined. This is what the sentence looks like after removing the non-restrictive clause:. Val, a Wisconsin native , loves fried cheese curds. If we get rid of the appositive, the sentence still has the same meaning: Val loves fried cheese curds. A comma splice is when two independent clauses, or complete thoughts, are separated by a comma , and comma splices create a grammatical error known as a run-on sentence.
A run-on sentence occurs when two or more independent clauses aren't separated by the correct punctuation. Ken likes Selena Gomez, she is his favorite singer. The clauses before and after the comma are complete thoughts that could stand alone as sentences.
There are a few ways to correct a comma splice. You can put a conjunction after the comma:. Ken likes Selena Gomez, and she is his favorite singer. Ken likes Selena Gomez, who is his favorite singer. Finally, you can use a semicolon to correctly separate two complete thoughts:.
Ken likes Selena Gomez; she is his favorite singer. Who doesn't like Selena Gomez? This is an example of a comma splice. Both A and B are comma splices.
Because Teresa wanted to please her family; she became a doctor. Teresa wanted to please her family; she became a doctor. The second sentence is correct because the clauses on both sides of the semicolon are independent and could stand alone as sentences. The clause before the semicolon is not a complete thought; therefore, the semicolon is being used incorrectly. Colons are usually used to introduce lists or explanations. The key rule for colons is that they must come after a complete sentence.
If you end the sentence where the colon is placed, the sentence should make sense and be a complete thought. Meena enjoys multiple genres of music like: Meena enjoys multiple genres of music: Because "colleagues" isn't part of the list, you can't substitute the colon for a comma. Also, you can't use a semicolon in place of the colon because there isn't a complete thought after the punctuation.
The correct answer is A. Colons do more than just form an essential part of the happy face emoji. The SAT tests you on how to use apostrophes to correctly form possessives. Luckily, the rules for forming possessives are pretty straightforward. Here are a couple of examples:. Also, only use apostrophes for possessives or contractions. Contractions are formed when you combine two words. If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, she has to know the rules of the game. Like its distant oceanic relatives whales, hippopotamuses can alter their density to sink or float in water.
Like their distant oceanic relatives whales, hippopotamuses can alter their density to sink or float in water. After acquiring several new companies, the multinational corporation moved their headquarters to a state with more favorable tax loop holes. After acquiring several new companies, the multinational corporation moved its headquarters to a state with more favorable tax loop holes.
The basic concept behind these relative pronouns is simple: Mismatched relative pronouns are in bold, while matching pronouns and antecedents are underlined. Coaching can be difficult for people who have a hard time planning strategy on the field.
Indefinite pronouns refer to a person, place, or thing that is unknown or unspecified. This means that they use singular forms of verbs: Pronouns and matching verbs or nouns are underlined, while mismatched verbs or nouns are in bold. On big-budget movies, each of the actors have large, well-decorated trailers.
On big-budget movies, each of the actors has a large, well-decorated trailer. Every one of the experts invited to speak at the conference were unable to make it.
Every one of the experts invited to speak at the conference was unable to make it. Anyone thinking about becoming writers must be excellent readers. Anyone thinking about becoming a writer must be an excellent reader.
Either of these desks would be great surfaces to work on. Either of these desks would be a great surface to work on. The different forms and abbreviations of these pronouns are frequently mixed up, but they're something you simply have to memorize.
Here are some tricks to use if you're stuck:. Your just like all the other Americans visiting England who think that cricket is closely related to baseball. Every study we have come across suggests that bicycles are an excellent way to get around: Feeling overwhelmed by grammar is apparently part of the human condition. Here's a grammar book from Just imagine all those monks having to study pronouns in Latin They will be singing. They will have sung. If a sentence contains a shift in chronological time, verb tenses should shift to account for the change in time example 3.
Nouns and verbs are both parts of speech with numbers and are written differently if they refer to just one thing or multiple things. One dog runs fast, for example, but two dogs run fast.
A collective noun is a noun that stands for a group of things but is grammatically treated as a single unit i. Matching subjects and verbs are underlined, while verbs that don't match subjects are in bold. A recent survey found that the furniture in most people's homes are mostly made of wood. A recent survey found that the furniture singular in most people's homes is singular mostly made of wood.
There are plural a beaker and three pipettes plural on the top shelf of the cupboard. I am trying to read the name of the store across the street, but a crowd of people keep getting in the way. I am trying to read the name of the store across the street, but a crowd singular of people keeps singular getting in the way.
After a poorly verbed pitch, the batter verbed the ball to midfield. The shortstop verbed to the left, verbing the ball just in time to verb the runner out. There are two different kinds of comparisons that break the rules of logic. The first relies on the idea that you can only compare things that are alike in some way. One trick to spotting illogical comparisons is that they tend to happen when a sentence is comparing something that belongs to someone or something else by using the comparison word than.
For instance, you can compare apples and oranges because both are fruits. But if both Stanley and Cora have apples, you can't say the following:. I like Stanley's apples better than Cora. I like Stanley's apples better than Cora's apples. I like Stanley's apples better than Cora's. Some regulators believe that new drugs should have to go through an even more rigorous testing process than patients who prefer the one currently in place.
Some regulators believe that new drugs should have to go through an even more rigorous testing process than the one currently in place , which patients prefer. Charles Dickens's epic novels , which are almost universally admired by readers and critics alike, are more sweeping than Jane Austen , who writes novels of manners.
For astronauts, the moon is easier to get to than any space object. For astronauts, the moon is easier to get to than any other space object.
You can compare the polar bear to the girls, but you can't compare the polar bear's favorite toy to the girls. Unless that is one extremely dangerous zoo. Knowing the grammar rules is just the beginning. Want to improve your SAT score by points? We've written an eBook guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. This includes advice on how you should be practicing your SAT Grammar rules to improve the fastest:.
Laura has over a decade of teaching experience at leading universities and scored a perfect score on the SAT. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks:. How to Get a Perfect , by a Perfect Scorer.
The SAT Writing and Language section tests you on a multitude of grammatical rules. Based on the content of the practice tests released by the College Board, many of these grammatical rules are likely to be tested on every SAT.
Even though the English language is complex, the SAT tests a specific set of grammar rules. Furthermore, it tests these rules the same way, over and over again. In this complete guide, we've compiled a comprehensive list of SAT grammar rules you need to know to ace the SAT Writing and Language section.
The SAT Writing & Language Test is the second section on the new SAT, and it tests students on both standard conventions of writing and effective use of language. The SAT Writing section consists of 44 questions to complete in 35 minutes, which means you have less than a minute to complete each question. Quiz yourself and learn the most important SAT grammar rules for the SAT Writing and Language section. Toggle navigation. Home; Best of the Blog This cheat sheet summarizes every grammar rule that’s tested, in order of frequency. Confused by anything? Ask in the comments or pick up our SAT Writing book, which extensively .
The New SAT Grammar Rules. The new SAT has changed the format of their SAT writing section. Before you buckle up your belts for SAT English test, you must understand the nitty-gritty of grammar. The SAT is ⅓ writing, and a pretty huge chunk of that third relies on knowing the rules of written English. So SAT grammar practice is pretty freakin’ important and studying grammar can earn you serious points.