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Examples of ethical considerations

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How Do Ethics Influence Human Behavior in Organizations?
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Ethical considerations in business research focus on the methods by which information is gathered and the way the information is conveyed to the target audience. Ethical norms promote the roles of research, such as the acquisition of knowledge, the pursuit of truth and the avoidance of errors.

In addition to following specific methodologies for collecting and conveying the information used in business research, other ethical considerations include confidentiality, respect for intellectual property and compliance with laws and government policies.

When developing studies and questionnaires to gather business research, different ethical considerations must be weighed to maintain objectivity.

Participants in any study should be entirely voluntary and fully informed about the objectives of the study. Questions should not be presented in a manner that will tend to skew the results or force a certain outcome or answer. Questionnaires and studies should avoid collecting any information that would allow the participants to be identified in the future.

If it is necessary to collect information without anonymity, subjects should be notified that results will not be anonymous.

Properly securing your research until publication is critical to protect the sources of your information and any raw data from third-party theft or misinterpretation. Measures should be taken to physically protect data and protect computers storing sensitive information. Access to the information should be limited to individuals who actually need it for the research project. Finally, confidentiality agreements should be put in place, if necessary. When conducting business research, it is common to rely on many forms of intellectual property, such as patents, copyrights and trade secrets.

The findings of any business research should avoid the publication of any third-party unpublished data, methods or results without the permission of that party.

Proper acknowledgements and credit must be given for all contributions to the research to avoid claims of plagiarism or impropriety. This is especially relevant where researchers had previously relied on 'captive audiences' for their subjects -- prisons, universities, and places like that. Closely related to the notion of voluntary participation is the requirement of informed consent. Essentially, this means that prospective research participants must be fully informed about the procedures and risks involved in research and must give their consent to participate.

Ethical standards also require that researchers not put participants in a situation where they might be at risk of harm as a result of their participation. Harm can be defined as both physical and psychological. There are two standards that are applied in order to help protect the privacy of research participants.

Almost all research guarantees the participants confidentiality -- they are assured that identifying information will not be made available to anyone who is not directly involved in the study. The stricter standard is the principle of anonymity which essentially means that the participant will remain anonymous throughout the study -- even to the researchers themselves. Clearly, the anonymity standard is a stronger guarantee of privacy, but it is sometimes difficult to accomplish, especially in situations where participants have to be measured at multiple time points e.

Increasingly, researchers have had to deal with the ethical issue of a person's right to service. Good research practice often requires the use of a no-treatment control group -- a group of participants who do not get the treatment or program that is being studied.

But when that treatment or program may have beneficial effects, persons assigned to the no-treatment control may feel their rights to equal access to services are being curtailed. Even when clear ethical standards and principles exist, there will be times when the need to do accurate research runs up against the rights of potential participants.

No set of standards can possibly anticipate every ethical circumstance. Furthermore, there needs to be a procedure that assures that researchers will consider all relevant ethical issues in formulating research plans. To address such needs most institutions and organizations have formulated an Institutional Review Board IRB , a panel of persons who reviews grant proposals with respect to ethical implications and decides whether additional actions need to be taken to assure the safety and rights of participants.

Elements of ethical considerations in a research

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In planning and conducting research, as well as in reporting research findings, experi-menters have to fulfill several obligations in order to meet the ethical standards set forth by the APA. First, the research project must be planned so that the chance for misleading results is minimized.

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Ethical Considerations. The purpose of this module is to overview ethical issues that should be considered when designing and conducting research. Learning Objectives: Identify ethical considerations. Describe the purpose of the the Institutional Review Board. List and explain the ethical issues that must be considered when using human subjects.

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Ethical Considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research. Dissertations may even be doomed to failure if this part is. Ethical considerations involve researchers who undertake studies of human behavior, medical advances or technological devices, while taking into account how humans may feel about the potential outcomes of the research. Controversial subjects that involve ethical considerations include abortion.

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Ethical considerations in business research focus on the methods by which information is gathered and the way the information is conveyed to the target audience. Ethical norms promote the roles of research, such as the acquisition of knowledge, the pursuit of truth and the avoidance of errors. In addition to following. Ethical Considerations T he consideration of ethics in research, and in general business for that matter, is of growing importance. It is, therefore, critical that you.