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Essay on Rural Development in India

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❶The HYVP proposes to make a technological break-through in Indian agriculture which consists of the introduction of new and high-yielding varieties of improved seeds, increased application of the right amount of fertilizers and extension of the use of pesticides so that the crop produced is not destroyed by insects. This programme is totally funded by the Central Government.

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The achievement in employment to Trained was Out of them The percentage share of employment to the trained has arrived at During the same period about The number of youths employed during the period was about Thus the percentage of employment to the training was stood at only The objective of the scheme is to encourage the educated unemployed youth to undertake self-employment ventures in Industry, Services and Business through a provision of a package of assistance. The women and technically trained personnel are required to be given due weightage.

The scheme intends to provide self-employment to educated youths who are not able to muster their own capital or who have no access to alternative sources of finance.

District Industries Centres DICs in consultation with the lead banks of the respective areas would function as nodal agency for formulation of Self-employment plans, their implementation and monitoring. The Beneficiaries of the scheme was entitled for loans up to Rs 25 thousand at the concessional rate of interest of 10 per cent per annum in the centrally backward districts and 12 per cent per annum in other districts. Apart from this, the beneficiaries were entitled to 25 per cent capital subsidy on the taskforce attached to each industrial centre.

Repayment will be in installments raining between years depending upon the nature and profitability of the venture. The amount of bank loan was subsequently raised to Rs 35 thousand during More than 10 thousand youths have been benefitted in Orissa, under the scheme during the said period. A similar programme for the self-employment of urban poor was also launched on September The urban youths were eligible to borrow for undertaking any production or Service activity.

They are also eligible for subsidy computed at 25 per cent of the total amount of assistance given. The scheme is to operate through selected banks. The banker in this scheme is sole responsible for identification, implementation and recovery.

During the reign of Congress government one integrated special employment generation programme called as Prime Ministers Rozgar Yojana was launched in our Country, on 2nd October The above two programmes merged with the new programme. This programme has been implemented in Orissa since The primary objective of focusing attention on the women members of the rural families below the poverty line.

This programme aimed at providing opportunities of Self-employment through Training on home-based production and marketing on sustained basis. These groups are provided with a revolving fund of Rs. To supplement government efforts the participation of NGOs was also required. The NGOs are required to implement project for providing employment opportunities to rural women. Twenty-six NGOs in the State identified under the scheme. Government of India has started two new programmes in These activities are to be implemented in all districts of the State.

It is observed that about groups were formed over the period between ; the number of women benefited was thousand with total expenditure of Rs.

This is about 4. However the programme came into operation in The IRD programme was adopted as an area based programme with three well defined objectives, namely; i growth and production ii benefits to the identified target groups living below poverty line of the rural community iii Time frame programmes for attainment of full employment.

In the initial years, Community Development blocks were covered under the programme. With a change of Government at Centre the programme has revised and expanded to all the blocks of the country in 2nd October The important objective of the programme is to generate additional employment and increase the income level of identified target groups namely small and marginal farmers, agricultural and non-agricultural labourers, share croppers, rural artisan, people belong to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and women.

The important schemes of development under the programme are, minor irrigation, supply of inputs for agricultural development, land development, soil conservation, soil reclamation and improvement, distribution of Milch and other animals, plough bullocks and bullock carts, horticulture, pisciculture, sericulture, farm forestry setting up of agro-based, forest-based and village and cottage industries taking up meaningful programmes for rural artisans and encouraging self-employment schemes in service and business activities.

The approach of the programme was based on decentralised micro-level planning at the Block level. Above the block, the formulation of projects and implementation of programmes of rural development was vested on only one agency called District Rural Development Agencies DRDA.

The Involvement of Cooperative banks and Nationalised commercial banks was also emphasised in the programme. Besides, the representation of the poor in the implementing agencies, at the district, block and village level was also contemplated. The Grant of subsidies for acquiring productive assets by the poor was also continued.

The Central and State Government met the Funds for the programme on matching basis. Over the period between and the norms of IRD Programme beneficiaries has been changed. The Criteria of identification of beneficiaries, the income limit for poverty line and the reservations for weaker sections, women and physical handicapped has also been changed over the period under observation.

It is observed from the table that, a total number of During the said plan period about In the State, about More than 50 per cent of the beneficiaries were form Scheduled Castes and Tribes. It is also observed from the table that the percentage share of women beneficiaries to the total IRDP beneficiaries was stood at As per IRDP norms, the programme should include at least 50 per cent Scheduled Castes and Tribes beneficiaries, 40 per cent women beneficiaries and 3 per cent beneficiaries from physically handicapped category.

During Eighth Plan Period about 6 lakh beneficiaries were received assistance of Rs The percentage share of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes beneficiaries were It is also revealed from the available data that the percentage share of women beneficiaries in Orissa was stood at 39 per cent to the total IRDP beneficiaries, during Eighth Plan Period.

The total physical achievement at all-India level was It is also evident that about The important objective of the programme was to assist 10 poorest families per village. The identification of these beneficiary families will be finalised in a meeting of the villagers called for the purpose and attended by the Block level and village officials like, i BDO or an Extension Officer ii Tahasildar or Revenue Supervisor or Revenue Inspector iii V.

W and iv local member of the Panchayat Samiti. The norms of selection, the pattern of finance and provision of subsidies are different for the schemes. This scheme had received highest priority. Under the scheme compact patches of Government lands were to be identified and put these for development into income yielding assets through annual crops or plantation crops.

The identified poorest beneficiaries were to be employed as wage labourers during the period of development and subsequently conferred ownership rights after yielding income through production. All the expenditure incurred under the scheme was to be borne by Government. It involves no loan components. Under this scheme the identified beneficiaries provided with two cows, or goatery, sheep, piggery, poultry and duckery units.

Subsidy at a uniform rate of 75 per cent was provided to the beneficiaries. The remaining 25 per cent can be availed as loan from financial institutions. The supply of animals and birds to be ensured by the Government Block Official. It was decided to develop and encourage Brackish Water Fishery under this scheme. The entire cost of bonding and fixing of wire nets to be subsidized. Public tanks to be leased out and the cost of renovation and cost of feed were fully subsidized.

It was decided to undertake Mulberry plantation on a massive scale. The beneficiaries under this scheme are subject to 50 per cent loan from financial institutions and 50 per cent subsidies from government agencies. Other schemes refer to handloom and village industries like, lime manufacturing, leatherwork, carpentry, blacksmith and tailoring etc. The remaining 50 per cent are to be provided from financial institution as loan.

In the Economic Rehabilitation of Rural Poor Programme, the Block Development Officer is the kingpin for implementing, co-coordinating and monitoring the schemes. There was a High Power Committee to authorize expenditure beyond the delegated power of administrative departments, monitor programmes and remove bottlenecks therein.

The target for the Sixth Plan was to rehabilitate 5 lakh poorest families under different schemes. As against this only 3.

It is thus; about 68 per cent of the target was achieved during the Sixth Plan Period. Under the scheme, about This indicator that about 61 per cent of the total beneficiaries are belong to the Weaker Sections of the society.

The Seventh Five Year Plan aimed to rehabilitate about 4. During the plan period about 5. A total expenditure of Rs It is revealed from the available data, that the achievement of the plan was stood at per cent of the target.

It is further observed that the share of weaker sections beneficiaries to the total was The scheme was been discontinued with effect from October due to its various weaknesses. Further, proper application of science and technology results in the fulfilment of basic social needs. The concept of integrated rural development addresses itself to various rural problems like widespread poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, exploitation, inequitable distribution of land, poor health conditions etc.

It signifies that various facets of rural development are integrally connected. It is a holistic concept rather than a sequential one. Om Prakash and G. Satyanarayan rightly observe that integrated rural development embraces all the activities of enrichment and betterment of the overall quality of rural life through appropriate development of man power, resources, infrastructural facilities and provisions of minimum needs and livelihood.

You must be logged in to post a comment. Essay on Casteism in India Words. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. The Fourth and Fifth Plans initiated a number of programmes with a view to achieve economic equity and social justice.

On April 1, Integrated Rural Development Programme was introduced not only to in grate all ongoing programmes pertaining to areas but to launch a rigorous drive for eradicate rural poverty and providing economic benefits landless labourers, marginal farmers and villa artisans. The major thrust of the Fifth Five Year PI' was on strengthening the socio-concur infrastructure of development in the rural are alleviating rural poverty and reducing regional parities.

The Ninth Five Year Plan has focused four important dimensions of State Policy-quality of life, generation of productive employment, re gional balances and self-reliance. With the multi- pronged approach adopted by the Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment through a wide range of programmes it is hoped that adequate productive employment will be generated to eradicate rural poverty which would lead to significantly better living conditions, Rural development, thus, implies both the economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation.

Improvement in welfare measures like education and health etc constitute the social aspect of the rural development.

Here the emerging focus is the human development which strikes a harmonious balance between the individual, the community and the country and which carried the planning to the grass-root level into the hands of rural people, the beneficiaries, who can meaningfully contribute to its formulation and implementation.


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Rural Development refers to process of improving or uplifting the living conditions of the people living in rural areas. The importance of the Rural Development: The people of India live mostly in rural .

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1. Essay on the Introduction to Rural Development: The definition of Rural is residuary become all over the world that is defined as an urban area and whatever is not urban known as rural.

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This essay provides information about rural development in India! The concept of rural development is quite comprehensive and extensive. G. Shah defines rural development as “the development of rural areas, often rural development has meant the extension of irrigation facilities, expansion of electricity, improvement in the techniques of cultivation, construction of school building and. Rural Development and Poverty; Rural Development and Poverty. 11 November As mentioned earlier rural poverty and booming industry have caused a boom in urbanization, due to the many who have moved to cities in hopes of finding relief from poverty. ESSAY SAMPLE written strictly according to your requirements. A Sample Wanted.

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Essay # ggettsy.cfated Rural Development Programme (IRDP): The Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) seeks to promote self-employment by developing productive assets and providing inputs to the rural poor through a mix of subsidy and bank credit. Even after 56 years of Independence, right from the Nehru era to the Vajpayee era, the rural India of today still short of basic amenities, like drinking water, electricity, roads, housing, food and clothing.