Ismene believes the men who rule Thebes must not be disobeyed because men are stronger and their will must be respected. How does Antigone demonstrate pre-feminist ethics? She believes that the gods do not dictate through a ruler, but rather through individual beliefs. When does Creon become apologetic for his actions? Creon never apologizes for his actions. Instead, he simply orders Antigone to be freed because he knows that Teiresias is never wrong — and therefore that his own life is at risk.
However, he never truly believes that his order to imprison her was the wrong course of action. Does he kill himself only out of desperate love for the dead Antigone?
Early in the play, Haemon tells his father that as long as he offers wisdom, Haemon will follow him. But now it is clear that his father led him astray, and for that Haemon believes that one of them must die.
As a result, a simple belief — men cannot be wrong in the face of women — is elevated to law and thus leads to multiple unnecessary deaths. This illustrates her own tragic quest for truth; like Gilgamesh and Creon , she is frustrated by the rules and order imposed by a mortal government, and feels that it pales in comparison to the divine moral laws such as those regarding the treatment of the dead and the…… [Read More].
Nature of Justice -- Secular or Divine. Nature of Justice -- ecular or Divine? Comparative Essay The comparison of Antigone and Dante's Inferno is interesting as they are really quite different in style, tone, context, and story type. Both stories address the choices made by mankind, and the allegiances that people form and that impact their actions.
Dante is in charge of the telling in his story, but Antigone must suffer through the interpretations, telling, and retelling of her story and that of her opponent. Third of the three Theban plays, Antigone is a tragedy attributed to ophocles circa BC. Of the three plays set in the city of Thebes, Antigone was created first but is chronologically the last in the stream of events. Establishing the premises related to the characters in the story is dominant in the first part of the play, then the action relentlessly advances toward the outcome, which the reader assumes…… [Read More].
Major Themes in European Literature. In Oedipus Rex and Antigone, Sophocles explores the relationship an individual has with the world and society. In each of these plays, Sophocles juxtaposes divinity and humanity and investigates the role of each within Theban society as well as looks into conflicts that arise when the laws of man conflict with divine laws. Through their narratives, Oedipus Rex and Antigone posit man is intended to serve others, including gods, and that they do not exist to be self-serving.
Oedipus Rex revolves around an eponymous anti-hero who by saving the city of Thebes from a Sphinx inadvertently and simultaneously brought forth a plague upon it. By defeating the Sphinx, Oedipus secured his place upon the Theban throne and as such was not only responsible for ensuring laws were abided, but was also responsible for protecting Thebes' citizens.
Because of the plague that…… [Read More]. Family vs Society in Sophocles'. Though Antigone is certainly the protagonist of the play, she makes her decision very early in the action -- she chooses to bury her brother despite the civil disobedience and disrespect of the State that it shows. Ismene, on the other hand, wavers between the two duties.
Though Ismene's motives might be somewhat questionable, she is at least claiming a sense of duty and companionship with her sister -- and a desire to honor her brother -- by joining in the guilt of the act against the State. Antigone will not let her, again for reasons that could be put under debate. One possible explanation for Antigone's refusal to let Ismene share the punishment for the act would be her…… [Read More].
Creon of Oedipus and the. He is hurting from being blame for this crime, however in Antigone, he falsely accuses people. He becomes heartless between both stories due to the personal experience he went through, which made him a different character in each one.
King Creon decrees that Polynices the traitor is not to be buried, but his sister Antigone defies the order. She is caught, and sentenced by Creon to be buried alive - even though she is betrothed to his son Haemon.
After the blind prophet Tiresias proves that the gods are on Antigone's side, Creon changes his mind - but too late. He goes first to bury Polynices, but Antigone has already hanged herself. When Creon arrives at the tomb, Haemon attacks him and then kills himself. When the news of their death is reported, Creon's wife Eurydice takes her own life. Creon the Play Oedipus the. This is a major departure from the Creon seen in Oedipus Rex and reflects his changed role.
In addition, he sees changing one's mind as a weakness, "womanish," an undesireable trait in a king. Once he's made a decision he feels he must stick by it even if he suspects it might have been incorrect. The first decision Creon makes that affects this play is that he will give Etocles a state funeral, but that Polynices' body is to be left out in the open, unsanctified, and left for the animals to eat. This is a terrible fate for a Greek, who must have certain rites performed to move on to the next life.
Creon sided with Etocles, but both brothers broke the agreement. Antigone is outraged that Etocles is to be ushered in to the next life proplerly but not Polynices. She takes a stand and decides to perform…… [Read More]. Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles Is.
Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles is considered to be one of the greatest Greek dramatists, and remains among the most renowned playwrights even today. The Greek tragedy is one of the most influential genres of literary and theatrical history on the modern drama and theatre. The theatre of ancient Greece was inspired by the worship of Dionysus, and the performance of plays was considered to be a religious experience for both the actors and the audience. According to Aristotle, the philosopher credited with creating the definition of a tragedy, "Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament,…… [Read More].
Hubris The Good the Bad. She is committed like Creon but for purely unselfish reasons. In this sense, we can see how the truth cannot be stopped. Antigone even admits her guilt, telling Creon, "I did it. I don't deny a thing" In addition to this, she is not afraid of the consequences. She even has the nerve to tell Creon that his doom will be her "precious little pain.
I've been accused of folly by a fool" Antigone goes to extremes but it is for the cause of something greater than herself while Creon cannot…… [Read More]. Creon State vs Family the. Not following his own rules, in the end, would make him attractive to Thebes as he would stay close to the rules of Gods.
Following his words, would have meant the despise of all Greece, something no political strategy would allow. It could be said that his change of direction comes, therefore, from two causes. The first, and the immediate one, comes from the pressures the Chorus puts him to. It could be argued that the Chorus, in this case, is his political conscience that asks for admitting that his decision is detrimental for his rule.
A leader that creates rules with effects that are opposing the beliefs of his people has little chance for a good reign, especially in the shadows of a civil war. A state with a fragile political and social system is vulnerable to exterior forces.
The other cause of his decision to bury Polyneices and…… [Read More]. Religion in the Literary Works. Machiavelli shared Douglass' opinion concerning the role of religion in one's society. He believed that religion is instrumental in bringing about not only a moral society, but also a just one. In his discourse, "The Prince," he asserted that the ideal leader, the Prince, must not " This means that in the same way as people let their lives be influenced by religion and its values and beliefs, so too must the Prince engage in a lifestyle dominated by religion.
A religious individual is a moral individual, hence commanding the respect of his people and giving him credibility to lead over society. However, it is also vital to note that while he put premium to religiosity, Machiavelli's characterization…… [Read More].
Sophocles An Ancient Voice for. If Oedipus had controlled his temper instead, he might have averted his awful fate. Sophocles uses this parable to make a statement about man's responsibilities.
Even today, people are continuously making choices that have negative impacts on their own lives, yet they shirk any blame or responsibility for the fruits of those choices.
Sophocles shows us that Oedipus is not a victim of the whims of the gods, but a victim of his own actions. Sophocles uses Oedipus to make social commentary on the self-denial of the common man. In modern times, we see this reflected in the attitudes of the average American- we constantly seek to place the blame for our misfortunes on external sources instead of acknowledging our own contributions to those misfortunes.
As much as Oedipus is a victim of his own actions, he is a victim of his emotions. He carries the anger and resentment of…… [Read More].
Education and Proper Behavior for. He believed, a bit more than Sophocles, that through behavior, humans can actually change fate. Fate does control, yes, but only punishes those who fly in the face of all that is just and divine. For instance, Plato would agree with Sophocles that Fate would have a hand in punishing those who rule via hubris, or supreme confidence in their wisdom and strengths. However, Plato believed that through acting justly and with proper political and logical behavior, humans can actually reroute fate and escape its wrath.
Aristotle was, arguably, the most different in his beliefs on how humans should behave, and the construction of their education, in this group of Plato, Sophocles and Aristotle. By setting up objective criteria for human behavior, Aristotle prepares the foundation for his aristocratic political views. Perhaps the part of Aristotle's Politics most offensive to the general concept of Greek democracy is his defense of…… [Read More]. Covenants in Genesis and Oedipus.
How could that be true when that child was left in the woods to die? Oedipus is calmed, but he still sets out to solve the murder-mystery and punish the man who committed regicide. As more details come to the surface, however, Oedipus starts to get a bad feeling.
The evidence indeed points to him: Laius, he learns, was slain at the same crossroads where Oedipus took the lives of a group of men. Apparently so…as Oedipus also learns that he was the babe whom Jocasta and Laius abandoned -- and indeed has grown up to ruin the house by killing his father and marrying and having children with his mother Jocasta.
Jocasta sensing that this might be the case had pleaded for Oedipus to halt the investigation, but determined to know the truth, Oedipus called the herdsman who found him tied to a tree to…… [Read More]. Tom Tigone Women Men and. It is entirely through such efforts that the larger impact of the novel is made.
One scene in particular is meant as an especially compelling emotional allegory, and is very effective at making the undeniable and intimate nature of human feelings as a basis for moral decisions-making abundantly clear. Bird catches her two sons tormenting defenseless kittens, she berates them and ultimately succumbs to tears at the plight and pain of the cats and, perhaps even more so, at the cruelty of her own children.
It seems to be in man's nature -- and specifically in man's nature as opposed to woman's -- to practice cruelty, yet even the practitioners can usually be made to recognize that their cruelty is wrong simply by dint of being cruel, and for no other logical or deduced reason.
Their mother's tears more than her stern admonitions cause the boys to understand…… [Read More]. Greek Civilization Compare Greek Religion in the. Compare Greek religion in the two different periods in history in the eighth century, the time of Homer, and in the fifth century BCE, according to the following: The different ways they believed their gods intervened.
During the Epic Age, that of Homer, they believed that the God directly intervened in the lives of human beings.
Over time, as the rulers of Greece became more powerful, the population began to feel that although the Gods could control lives, they were mostly observers rather than direct participants.
Whether they believed their gods favored or punished specific individuals for moral reasons. In the 8th century BC, the people believed that the Gods punished behavior, but that the punishments were more targeted at individuals who disrespected the gods rather than those who committed crimes or sins. As exemplified in Antigone, the people feared that if they defied the gods then they…… [Read More]. Ancient Text Explains or Demonstrates.
In the "Odyssey" Achilles says to Odysseus, that it is better to be a living dog than honored in Hades. Submission to fate is ultimately what the Greeks seem to honor as a 'good' attitude.
Oedipus the King finally accepts his cursed status, rather than fleeing from it, and from the beginning of her life, Antigone seems to anticipate that she will meet with an unhappy end. Although she is betrothed to marry, she does not seem to see her future as a married woman as an obligation that supersedes her obligation as a sister, and even says that because she can only have one brother, unlike a husband; obligations to the family come before everything. The play seems to suggest that this is valid, given the wrath that falls upon Creon's head.
But evil also falls upon the heads of the innocent, because of the actions of the guilty,…… [Read More]. Sophocles I Questions Sophocles' Royal. Question Haemon is in an impossible position. Although it could be argued that Antigone is in an impossible position as well, forced to choose between obeying the will of the gods or the will of man, Haemon must choose between loyalty to his proposed wife and his father as the king of the state.
His temperament is such that he is an innate compromiser. He is forced to negotiate between two people who do not believe in compromise, upon any terms. Creon has begun a horrible chain of events. The Theban king has attempted to supplant the will of the gods, refusing to let Polynices' soul enter the underworld and be judged by the gods, thus taking on the role of the gods as judgers of men's souls as well as a judge of his citizen's actions on earth. By refusing to obey the king's orders and defy the gods,…… [Read More].
Oedipus Rex and Burial at. It is this lead character's outrage that drives the plot, rather than any journey of self-discovery or some fateful intervention. This is seen when Antigone declares her defiance of the king: The gods will be proud of me. There is also a heavy element of introspection in both plays; it is Oedipus' attempt to discover the past of his kingdom that reveals his own personal past, and it is this self-discovery that leads to the tragedy of the play.
Gentleman and Benevolence Confucian Benevolence. He was also severing his bond to his subjects like Antigone, whose rights to act in a morally pious fashion were part of their rights as his citizens. A good king thus must act with benevolence, and according to the rules that are put upon him in his position, just like a subject must act kindly towards the king.
Creon's actions also put his own son in a terrible position. His son forced to choose between his obligations to his father and his bride. In violating his proper duties as a father as well as a king, Creon is also violating the dictates of being a gentleman in the spirit of benevolence.
Demonstrating benevolence is honoring one's obligations and also allowing others to perform their obligations to you and to others. Antigone attempts to do this by encouraging her sister to join her in burying her brother and also defying…… [Read More]. Oedipus Rex vs The Burial. His nephew turned against his own country and he got what he deserved. He believes in setting an example and uses the occasion as an opportunity to make a point and warn all those who dared to defy their country of the fate that was expecting them, too.
In this case, King Creon is wrong, because he will eventually pay dearly for his mistake of defying the gods. Profanation represented a duty of the humans to the higher forces and not even a king could afford to forget that. The Burial at Thebes is a play meant to bring the work of a classic Greek play writer into the twenty-first century.
Freud found the sources of one of his psychoanalytic theories in edipus Rex, paying his tribute to his predecessor who lived two and a half centuries away. The audiences in…… [Read More]. Biblical Themed Short Stories. She is a disciplinarian who adopts strict rules for her classroom.
Her teaching style is a common-sense method with her former students and citizens of Liberty Hill regarding her as the embodiment of wisdom and gentility. Like Miss Dove, Leiningen believes in hard work, refusing to leave his estate despite a swarm of soldier ants nearing his property.
Early in the story it is shown he is wise as well. For example, Miss Dove is strict, reprimanding David Burnham for swearing. He encourages them to stay with him to fight…… [Read More].
Clash of the Titans the. Rose Rose cites the repeated imagery of flying in the film, finding that this matches what critic Philip Slater says about the Freudian and phallic images in the Perseus myth. Rose refers to this film, and several others of a similar nature, as modern versions of the myths, to a degree cut down from the original in order to something more visceral and more direct.
In a film like this, the student has "an opportunity for assessing the concrete differences between the ideological norms of male-female relations in their own society and those explored in ancient Greek myth" Rose He refers tom the designs of special efercts artist Raym Harryhausen when he notes, "Critics have dismissed this sort of animation as 'kitsch,' but I note…… [Read More].
Hero One of the Most Pervasive Archetypes. Hero One of the most pervasive archetypes in literature is the hero. The Greeks presented a complex and very human type of hero, often referred to as the tragic hero.
Their flaws make tragic heroes more human, and are effective protagonists even when their plans fail. The hero who is semi-divine or divine is a less compelling story, given that few if any human beings can relate to a figure who is flawless, immortal, and possessing of unlimited strength. Graphic novels present complex characters including some that fit the definition of tragic hero. Modern literature teems with examples of heroes who are just like us: Yet embedded in the definition of hero is the imperative that the individual must be able to put aside egotism,…… [Read More].
Various Short Story Assignments. Clytemnestra and Iphigenia One of. This temper surely gave Clytemnestra the ability to withstand her "wretched life" by serving as a type of emotional outlet for her anger and disappointment related to being imprisoned in her own household as the doting wife of Agamemnon who certainly experienced sexual encounters with other women as leader of the Greek armies at Troy.
Another example has Clytemnestra admitting "Thus harassed by these ever-rife reports i. Duty A Father His Son. Instead, they carried out their missions without question, and effectively won the war with their attention to detail and sense of duty. The book makes the reader question their own sense of duty, and if they would have the resolve to fight in a war like this if it happened again.
It is a powerful book, partly because it is emotional, and partly because the reader realizes that these people are real, their duty was real, and that our freedom really rests on their shoulders. Ultimately, this is a book about dying. It follows the last days of Greene's father, but it also looks at the bigger picture of America's World War II vets and how many we are losing every day.
It also looks at the lives of the Japanese lost in the atomic bomb explosions, and talks about how many more lives could have been lost if the…… [Read More].
Oedipus Rex Oedipus Is the. His physical loss of sight is penance for the lack of insight he had at the start of the play.
He has exchanged physical sight for mental insight into the truth. Rhetorically, Oedipus uses the diction of a king at the beginning of a play. He plays the role of one in power, and of a person in full control of and with confidence in himself. When his people approaches him with a problem, he therefore reacts with confidence that he can solve it.
He is fearless and strong in his position, as shown in lines He is so confident that he can take care of any problem that he promises to do so even before hearing what the trouble is. Indeed, he believes that the only thing that can possibly keep him from helping the supplicants with their problem would be the hardness of his heart.
Oedipus the King by and. From this day on, don't speak to me or to your people here. You are the plague. You poison your own land" Sophocles, , p. Each of these men has positive qualities, but their tragic flaw outweighs these qualities, and leads to pity and their downfall in the end. In addition, their tragic ends have tragic consequences on those around them, which is another element these two works have in common. It is interesting to see the similarities in the plotting of these dramas as well.
Essentially, they follow the tragic character from a turning point in their lives to the culmination of their problems and how they choose to face them.
Their families and loved ones are left behind to sort out their lives without them, while they take the "easy" way…… [Read More]. Women in Greek and Hebrew. Deborah is believed to have played a key role in public arena. Even in the male dominant society of Israel, Deborah's orders were followed and people looked up to her for advice. In the position of a prophetess, she could give orders which were readily followed: Deborah is an important figure in ancient Hebrew culture and it is through her that we can see how this culture allowed women to have some freedom in their restricted sphere.
The daughter of Jephthah was another prominent figure. She was also a judge who ruled Israel as she was a woman of strong faith. After her father promised Lord that if he won, he would offer "whatever comes…… [Read More].
Oedipus Rex the Delphic Oracle. When the play opens, a plague has overcome Thebes, and so Oedipus has sent Creon to consult the oracle of Apollo to seek a solution. Creon reports that the oracle has declared that Laius's murderer must be found and banished from Thebes, only then will the plague be lifted.
Oedipus sends for the blind prophet, Teiresias, to tell him who killed Laius. Teiresias names Oedipus as the killer and says that his marriage to Iocasta is sinful, and reminds him of his parents' curse. Iocasta and Oedipus exchange stories of their pasts. Then a messenger arrives announcing the death of Polybus, King of Cornith. Oedipus is relieved believing that he has escaped the prophecy. However, the messenger tells him that it was he who took Oedipus to Cornith.
The servant confirms this, and thus the truth is revealed and the prophecy has been fulfilled after all. Oedipus is an honorable…… [Read More]. Prejudice and social psychology Gender-based stereotypes and influence of society Cultural impact of host cultures The contribution of Stanley Milgram has been significant in the field of social psychology. Milgram conducted experiments of human behavior in a laboratory setting and concluded that obedience to authority usually disregards moral or legal normative standards.
An individual's behavior is thus shaped by the environment, people around, and his figure of authority. The current paper investigates as to what extent the human behavior is influenced by others. The paper adopts an investigative approach and cites peer reviewed articles to substantiate the discussion. Social identity theory is also an important theoretical explanation that explains how and why an individual voluntarily gets influenced from socially constructed relationships.
Introduction Stanley…… [Read More]. A tragedy is any event which causes great suffering and stress, such as the death of a loved one or a natural disaster. In the context of Greek literature, tragedy was the most popular form of theatre, with storytellers relying on the rhetorical technique of tragic irony to create emotionally resonant tales of lost love and territorial conquest. The overall study of the human condition, reality, metaphysics, and other pursuits of higher intelligence.
The scientific study of the human mind, including cognitive function, perception, attention, emotion and behavior. The fundamental application of reasoning to the pursuit of problem solving, a function which only the human mind is known to hold the capacity to perform.
The branch of philosophy which postulates certain standards which should be used to guide proper human conduct. Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many.
Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. The latter is one of the classic texts of 19th century literature, written by a Englishwoman brought up in a strict religious tradition who later exchanged her faith for that of secular humanism and Darwinism. Middlemarch is a sprawling, weighty novel, filled with overlapping plots that only and then, really, only tangentially come together at the end.
The former is an autobiography written by Mary Seacole, a freeborn Jamaican Creole, who claimed that she used the energy and vitality received from her Scottish father and the healing skills taught to her by her Jamaican "doctress" mother to become a practicing war nurse.
Seacole However, the two texts powerfully demonstrate that the lives of Victorian women were far more autonomous in practice than traditional Victorian…… [Read More].
Home Topics Literature Antigone Essays. Vancouver Island University, May Works Cited Adams, S. Fate and Free Will. A Problem in Political Membership. Fogerty, Elsie, and Isabel Bonus. The Antigone of Sophocles: The Norton Anthology of World Literature.
Encyclopedia of the Self. Antigone and Ismene View Full Essay. Feminist readings of Antigone. Works Cited Berlin, N. A Discussion of Tragedy. Issue 1, June Accessed April 18, from Psychoanalysis Downunder: Works Cited Butler, Judith. Kinship Between Life and Death. Columbia University Press, Is It All Greek? Antigone Theme of Fate and Free Will. Oxford University Press, Work Cited Blits, Jan. Introduction to Deadly Thought: Information Retrieved July 01, Antigone, Oedipus the King, Oedipus and Colonus.
The essay topics in this lesson are designed to help students consolidate their learning and think critically about the play. Why Essay Topics? If your students are reading Sophocles' classic play 'Antigone', they are probably thinking about complex themes and ideas.
Antigone will have no "just cause," or no human reason for bringing herself to the point of death. Instead, she acts in terms of her desire, a desire she clings to despite its madness. Just as she always played with water, ate from all the plates at once, or went swimming at dawn, she will bury Polynices.
Antigone study guide contains a biography of Sophocles, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Aug 23, · Suggested Essay Topics. Consider the contrast and rivalry Anouilh establishes between Antigone and Ismene. What are the terms of both? How do they relate to Antigone's fate? Consider Anouilh's use of humor. You may want to isolate one or two scenes for discussion. Examples include the dictation of Antigone's letter and Creon's caricature of Oedipus.
Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #4: The Individual Versus the State in Antigone. The role of the individual in Antigone is very important. Obviously, Antigone herself is a strong individual character, who is not willing to allow her brother to be dishonored, no matter what the cost is to her own body. Given the wonderful themes present in the text (choice/consequence, custom/tradition, God/religion, and betrayal), any of the themes could be used to analyze Antigone. Another great way to examine a text in an essay is through character analysis.